Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis

What is rheumatoid arthritis ?

Rheumatoid arthritis is a joint auto-immune inflammatory disease. The body’s immune system attacks healthy tissues and joints causing inflammation in the lining of the joints. Chronic inflammation leads to the destruction and deformation of joints and a loss of mobility.

This condition is an incurable disease and in the majority of cases, causes remain unknown. There exists no treatment to cure this disease, but it is now possible to control symptoms and pain.

Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis

Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis vary from one day to the next and the number of joints affected gradually increases. The possible symptoms are as follows :

  • swelling of wrists or joints in the fingers, toes or feet.
  • pain and stiffness in joints particularly in the morning that lasts more than 30 minutes
  • joint stiffness with increasing pain
  • weight loss
  • abnormal fatigue
  • low grade fever
  • mild or chronic inflammation.

Rheumatoid arthritis and the decrease in collagen production

The production of collagen by the body ensures the integrity of connective tissues, cartilages and the protection of joints. A lack of collagen leads to the destruction of cells that make up connective tissues and promotes inflammation. Rheumatoid arthritis primarily is the inflammation of the joints and surrounding connective tissues. This condition seems to be caused by a dysfunction in the immune system.